Most allergic reactions result in mild symptoms that include sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose, headaches, sore throat, cough, watery eyes, itching or rashes. Allergies can be year round or seasonal and only cause reactions during certain times of the year. These allergies can be affected by the weather.
Allergy treatments are usually prescribed in the form of over-the-counter or prescription medication. Antihistamines prevent the reaction caused by the release of histamine and reduce symptoms. Decongestants unblock nasal passages and improve breathing. Nasal sprays keep the nasal passages clean and moist and limit the reaction to allergens.
Allergies can also be treated with allergy shots. Allergy shots, also called "immunotherapy," works to help your body get used to allergens, the things that trigger an allergic reaction. Immunotherapy is the process of desensitizing the body by gradually introducing it to allergy-causing dusts, molds, and pollens. Over time, the concentration of these allergens is increased until the immune system learns to ignore them. As the immune system learns to tolerate these allergens, it will stop overreacting to them and allergies start to go away. Immunotherapy is available in two forms: subcutaneous (allergy shots) and sublingual (drops under the tongue, also known as SLIT).
Dr. Brian Lee can help you decide which form of treatment is best for you.